Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Journalistic Research

Megan Cotter
20 November 2015
D Block
Journalistic Research
College Tuition Prices 

Problem Statement: 
       College Tuition is defined as too expensive and is found mostly as an issue in the United States. On a local level, college tuition prices affect college students by 69% of seniors still having student loan debt after they graduate. Between 2005 and 2015, college tuition prices have increased by 3.4 percent every year which is making the problem worse. To find a good paying job or to follow your dreams, you most likely go to college. In 2014, 66% of high school graduates had enrolled in to a college. In the United States, the average college tuition and fees for a public four year college is $22,958 and for a private four year college is $31,231. To pay for these prices that are outrageously high, students have loans, so they are constantly in debt. Myra Smith, a college financing expert states, "College has many benefits. For example, people who graduate from college earn more money and are more likely to hold a job than those who don’t. In 2011, people with a bachelor’s degree who worked full-time earned $21,100 more, on average, than full-time workers with only a high school diploma." If college is a necessity to be successful and more than half of people in the United States enroll, then why does it cost so much? 

Citation:
-Schoen, W, John: Why does a College Degree cost so much?, N.P, 20 November 2015, web
-Heller, Donald E. "The effects of tuition and state financial aid on public college enrollment." The Review of Higher Education 23.1 (1999); 65-89.
-Horn, Laura J., Xianglei Chen, and Chris Chapman. "Getting Ready To Pay for College: What Student and Their Parents know about the Cost of the College Tuition and What They Are Doing To Find Out" (2003)
-Heller, Donald E. "Trends in the affordability of public colleges and universities: The contradiction of the increasing prices and increasing enrollment." The states and public higher education policy: Affordability, access, and accountability (2001): 11-38
-Smith, Myra: College Costs: FAQS, N.P, 20 November 2015,web 

Research Question: If college is a necessity to be successful in our generation, then why does it cost so much money?

As a high school student, are you thinking of going to college?
yes
no
undecided

Do you think college tuition is reasonable?
yes
no
depends 

Why do you think college tuition costs so much money?



Do you think you need to go to college in order to be successful?
yes
no 
depends on career

If you decide to go to college, would your decision depend of the price of the college tuition?
yes
no

survey link: https://docs.google.com/a/norton.k12.ma.us/forms/d/1SZUW5yRZ-gh4Uyf5YlszoR2mHlM2DiI5zv-XejRWWA4/viewform?usp=send_form

Data Analysis:
    Out of the 17 high school students I surveyed, 88.2% of the students stated that they are thinking of going to college. 68.8% believe that college tuition is not reasonable and the other 31.3% believe it depends on the college, so more than half of the students believe it is unreasonable. 37.5% of the students believe that you need to go to college in order to be successful. 75% states that their decision of their college would be based off of the price of college tuition and not their first choose school. When I asked "Why do you think college costs so much money?", I got many responses including, "For the college the college to continue being a college, it needs to afford/make money to keep itself going" and "I'm sure it has to do with school living expenses as well as paying the staff but the price is unreasonable, many colleges in other countries do not have an intuition fee."

Findings:
   Initially, I only surveyed students from Norton High School, so if I surveyed a different group of students from a different high school, I would most likely get different results. Additionally, I have found from my data collection that 68.8% believe that college tuition is not reasonable but 88.2% are most likely still going to college. One possibility from this realization is that those people think that the price for college is unreasonable, but are still going to attend. If college tuition prices are so unreasonable, then why is 88.2% of the students attending? I also found that 37.5% of students believe you need to go to college in order to be successful, which answers my question. Although 37.5% is a low percent, it still is the answer for a few students. But what about the other students? Why are they still thinking about going to college if they believe it is unreasonable and is not needed to be successful? One possibility is that they believe it is just necessary because most people go to college and are successful or make more money than people that end up not going to college.

Discussion:
   From my research in my problem statement, I found that 66% of high school students in the United States had enrolled in a college in 2014. From my data collection, I found that 88.2% of a small group of students from Norton High School are thinking about or planning to going to college. Those percentages are both more than half of the students surveyed. In the research in my problem statement, Myra Smith, a college financing expert states, "College has many benefits. For example, people who graduate from college earn more money and are more likely to hold a job than those who don’t. In 2011, people with a bachelor’s degree who worked full-time earned $21,100 more, on average, than full-time workers with only a high school diploma." In my data collection, I found that 37.5% of students believe you need to go to college in order to be successful, so it is a possibility that those students agree with Myra Smith because she has proven that you are more likely to be successful with a college degree.
 





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